Basic usage

The validator class is a simple, convenient facility for validating data and retrieving validation error messages via the Validator class.

Basic Validation Example

$validator = Validator::make(
    ['name' => 'Joe'],
    ['name' => 'required|min:5']
);

The first argument passed to the make method is the data under validation. The second argument is the validation rules that should be applied to the data.

Using arrays to specify rules

Multiple rules may be delimited using either a "pipe" character, or as separate elements of an array.

$validator = Validator::make(
    ['name' => 'Joe'],
    ['name' => ['required', 'min:5']]
);

Validating multiple fields

$validator = Validator::make(
    [
        'name' => 'Joe',
        'password' => 'lamepassword',
        'email' => 'email@example.com'
    ],
    [
        'name' => 'required',
        'password' => 'required|min:8',
        'email' => 'required|email|unique:users'
    ]
);

Once a Validator instance has been created, the fails (or passes) method may be used to perform the validation.

if ($validator->fails()) {
    // The given data did not pass validation
}

If validation has failed, you may retrieve the error messages from the validator.

$messages = $validator->messages();

You may also access an array of the failed validation rules, without messages. To do so, use the failed method:

$failed = $validator->failed();

Validating files

The Validator class provides several rules for validating files, such as size, mimes, and others. When validating files, you may simply pass them into the validator with your other data.

Working with error messages

After calling the messages method on a Validator instance, you will receive a Illuminate\Support\MessageBag instance, which has a variety of convenient methods for working with error messages.

Retrieving the first error message for a field

echo $messages->first('email');

Retrieving all error messages for a field

foreach ($messages->get('email') as $message) {
    //
}

Retrieving all error messages for all fields

foreach ($messages->all() as $message) {
    //
}

Determining if messages exist for a field

if ($messages->has('email')) {
    //
}

Retrieving an error message with a format

echo $messages->first('email', '<p>:message</p>');

Note: By default, messages are formatted using Bootstrap compatible syntax.

Retrieving all error messages with a format

foreach ($messages->all('<li>:message</li>') as $message) {
    //
}

Error messages & views

Once you have performed validation, you will need an easy way to get the error messages back to your views. This is conveniently handled by October. Consider the following routes as an example:

public function onRegister()
{
    $rules = [];

    $validator = Validator::make(Input::all(), $rules);

    if ($validator->fails()) {
        return Redirect::to('register')->withErrors($validator);
    }
}

Note that when validation fails, we pass the Validator instance to the Redirect using the withErrors method. This method will flash the error messages to the session so that they are available on the next request.

October will always check for errors in the session data, and automatically bind them to the view if they are available. So, it is important to note that an errors variable will always be available in all of your pages, on every request, allowing you to conveniently assume the errors variable is always defined and can be safely used. The errors variable will be an instance of MessageBag.

So, after redirection, you may utilize the automatically bound errors variable in your view:

{{ errors.first('email') }}

Named error bags

If you have multiple forms on a single page, you may wish to name the MessageBag of errors. This will allow you to retrieve the error messages for a specific form. Simply pass a name as the second argument to withErrors:

return Redirect::to('register')->withErrors($validator, 'login');

You may then access the named MessageBag instance from the $errors variable:

{{ errors.login.first('email') }}

Available validation rules

Below is a list of all available validation rules and their function:

accepted

The field under validation must be yes, on, or 1. This is useful for validating "Terms of Service" acceptance.

active_url

The field under validation must be a valid URL according to the checkdnsrr PHP function.

after:date

The field under validation must be a value after a given date. The dates will be passed into the PHP strtotime function.

alpha

The field under validation must be entirely alphabetic characters.

alpha_dash

The field under validation may have alpha-numeric characters, as well as dashes and underscores.

alpha_num

The field under validation must be entirely alpha-numeric characters.

array

The field under validation must be of type array.

before:date

The field under validation must be a value preceding the given date. The dates will be passed into the PHP strtotime function.

between:min,max

The field under validation must have a size between the given min and max. Strings, numerics, and files are evaluated in the same fashion as the size rule.

boolean

The field under validation must be able to be cast as a boolean. Accepted input are true, false, 1, 0, "1" and "0".

confirmed

The field under validation must have a matching field of foo_confirmation. For example, if the field under validation is password, a matching password_confirmation field must be present in the input.

date

The field under validation must be a valid date according to the strtotime PHP function.

date_format:format

The field under validation must match the format defined according to the date_parse_from_format PHP function.

different:field

The given field must be different than the field under validation.

digits:value

The field under validation must be numeric and must have an exact length of value.

digits_between:min,max

The field under validation must have a length between the given min and max.

email

The field under validation must be formatted as an e-mail address.

exists:table,column

The field under validation must exist on a given database table.

Basic usage of exists rule

'state' => 'exists:states'

Specifying a custom column name

'state' => 'exists:states,abbreviation'

You may also specify more conditions that will be added as "where" clauses to the query:

'email' => 'exists:staff,email,account_id,1'

Passing NULL as a "where" clause value will add a check for a NULL database value:

'email' => 'exists:staff,email,deleted_at,NULL'

image

The file under validation must be an image (jpeg, png, bmp, or gif)

in:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must be included in the given list of values.

integer

The field under validation must have an integer value.

ip

The field under validation must be formatted as an IP address.

max:value

The field under validation must be less than or equal to a maximum value. Strings, numerics, and files are evaluated in the same fashion as the size rule.

mimes:foo,bar,...

The file under validation must have a MIME type corresponding to one of the listed extensions.

Basic usage of MIME rule

'photo' => 'mimes:jpeg,bmp,png'

min:value

The field under validation must have a minimum value. Strings, numerics, and files are evaluated in the same fashion as the size rule.

not_in:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must not be included in the given list of values.

nullable

The field under validation may be null. This is particularly useful when validating primitive such as strings and integers that can contain null values.

numeric

The field under validation must have a numeric value.

regex:pattern

The field under validation must match the given regular expression.

Note: When using the regex pattern, it may be necessary to specify rules in an array instead of using pipe delimiters, especially if the regular expression contains a pipe character.

required

The field under validation must be present in the input data.

required_if:field,value,...

The field under validation must be present if the field field is equal to any value.

required_with:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must be present only if any of the other specified fields are present.

required_with_all:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must be present only if all of the other specified fields are present.

required_without:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must be present only when any of the other specified fields are not present.

required_without_all:foo,bar,...

The field under validation must be present only when the all of the other specified fields are not present.

same:field

The specified field value must match the field's value under validation.

size:value

The field under validation must have a size matching the given value. For string data, value corresponds to the number of characters. For numeric data, value corresponds to a given integer value. For files, size corresponds to the file size in kilobytes.

string:value

The field under validation must be a string type.

timezone

The field under validation must be a valid timezone identifier according to the timezone_identifiers_list PHP function.

unique:table,column,except,idColumn

The field under validation must be unique on a given database table. If the column option is not specified, the field name will be used.

Basic usage of unique rule

'email' => 'unique:users'

Specifying a custom column name

'email' => 'unique:users,email_address'

Forcing a unique rule to ignore a given ID

'email' => 'unique:users,email_address,10'

Adding additional where clauses

You may also specify more conditions that will be added as "where" clauses to the query:

'email' => 'unique:users,email_address,NULL,id,account_id,1'

In the rule above, only rows with an account_id of 1 would be included in the unique check.

url

The field under validation must be formatted as an URL.

Note: This function uses PHP's filter_var method.

Conditionally adding rules

In some situations, you may wish to run validation checks against a field only if that field is present in the input array. To quickly accomplish this, add the sometimes rule to your rule list:

$v = Validator::make($data, [
    'email' => 'sometimes|required|email',
]);

In the example above, the email field will only be validated if it is present in the $data array.

Complex conditional validation

Sometimes you may wish to require a given field only if another field has a greater value than 100. Or you may need two fields to have a given value only when another field is present. Adding these validation rules doesn't have to be a pain. First, create a Validator instance with your static rules that never change:

$v = Validator::make($data, [
    'email' => 'required|email',
    'games' => 'required|numeric',
]);

Let's assume our web application is for game collectors. If a game collector registers with our application and they own more than 100 games, we want them to explain why they own so many games. For example, perhaps they run a game re-sell shop, or maybe they just enjoy collecting. To conditionally add this requirement, we can use the sometimes method on the Validator instance.

$v->sometimes('reason', 'required|max:500', function($input) {
    return $input->games >= 100;
});

The first argument passed to the sometimes method is the name of the field we are conditionally validating. The second argument is the rules we want to add. If the Closure passed as the third argument returns true, the rules will be added. This method makes it a breeze to build complex conditional validations. You may even add conditional validations for several fields at once:

$v->sometimes(['reason', 'cost'], 'required', function($input) {
    return $input->games >= 100;
});

Note: The $input parameter passed to your Closure will be an instance of Illuminate\Support\Fluent and may be used as an object to access your input and files.

Validating Arrays

Validating array based form input fields doesn't have to be a pain. You may use "dot notation" to validate attributes within an array. For example, if the incoming HTTP request contains a photos[profile] field, you may validate it like so:

$validator = Validator::make(Input::all(), [
    'photos.profile' => 'required|image',
]);

You may also validate each element of an array. For example, to validate that each e-mail in a given array input field is unique, you may do the following:

$validator = Validator::make(Input::all(), [
    'person.*.email' => 'email|unique:users',
    'person.*.first_name' => 'required_with:person.*.last_name',
]);

Likewise, you may use the * character when specifying your validation messages in your language files, making it a breeze to use a single validation message for array based fields:

'custom' => [
    'person.*.email' => [
        'unique' => 'Each person must have a unique e-mail address',
    ]
],

Custom error messages

If needed, you may use custom error messages for validation instead of the defaults. There are several ways to specify custom messages.

Passing custom messages into validator

$messages = [
    'required' => 'The :attribute field is required.',
];

$validator = Validator::make($input, $rules, $messages);

Note: The :attribute place-holder will be replaced by the actual name of the field under validation. You may also utilize other place-holders in validation messages.

Other validation placeholders

$messages = [
    'same'    => 'The :attribute and :other must match.',
    'size'    => 'The :attribute must be exactly :size.',
    'between' => 'The :attribute must be between :min - :max.',
    'in'      => 'The :attribute must be one of the following types: :values',
];

Specifying a custom message for a given attribute

Sometimes you may wish to specify a custom error messages only for a specific field:

$messages = [
    'email.required' => 'We need to know your e-mail address!',
];

Specifying custom messages in language files

In some cases, you may wish to specify your custom messages in a language file instead of passing them directly to the Validator. To do so, add your messages to an array in the lang/xx/validation.php language file for your plugin.

return  [
    'required' => 'We need to know your e-mail address!',
    'email.required' => 'We need to know your e-mail address!',
];

Then in your call to Validator::make use the Lang:get to use your custom files.

Validator::make($formValues, $validations, Lang::get('acme.blog::validation'));

Custom validation rules

Registering a custom validation rule

There are a variety of helpful validation rules; however, you may wish to specify some of your own.

The recommended way of adding your own validation rule is to extend the Validator instance via the extend method. In an October CMS plugin, this can be added to the boot() callback method inside your Plugin.php registration file.

You can extend the Validator instance with your custom validation rule as a Closure, or as a Rule object.

Using Closures

If you only need the functionality of a custom rule specified once throughout your plugin or application, you may use a Closure to define the rule. The first parameter defines the name of your rule, and the second parameter provides your Closure.

use Validator;

public function boot()
{
    Validator::extend('foo', function($attribute, $value, $parameters) {
        return $value == 'foo';
    });
}

The custom validator Closure receives three arguments: the name of the $attribute being validated, the $value of the attribute, and an array of $parameters passed to the rule.

You may also pass a class and method to the extend method instead of a Closure:

Validator::extend('foo', 'FooValidator@validate');

Once the Validator has been extended with your custom rule, you will need to add it to your rules definition. For example, you may add it to the $rules array of your model.

public $rules = [
    'field' => 'foo'
];

Using Rule objects

A Rule object represents a single reusable validation rule for your models that implements the Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Rule contract. Each rule object must provide three methods: a passes method which determines if a given value passes validation, a validate method which is called on validation and a message method which defines the default fallback error message.

<?php
use Illuminate\Contracts\Validation\Rule;

class Uppercase implements Rule
{
    /**
     * Determine if the validation rule passes.
     *
     * @param  string  $attribute
     * @param  mixed  $value
     * @return bool
     */
    public function passes($attribute, $value)
    {
        return strtoupper($value) === $value;
    }

    /**
     * Validation callback method.
     *
     * @param  string  $attribute
     * @param  mixed  $value
     * @param  array  $params
     * @return bool
     */
    public function validate($attribute, $value, $params)
    {
        return $this->passes($attribute, $value);
    }

    /**
     * Get the validation error message.
     *
     * @return string
     */
    public function message()
    {
        return 'The :attribute must be uppercase.';
    }
}

To extend the Validator with your rule object, you may provide an instance of the class to the Validator extend method:

Validator::extend('uppercase', Uppercase::class);

Rule objects should be stored in the /rules subdirectory inside your plugin directory.

Defining the Error Message

You will also need to define an error message for your custom rule. You can do so either using an inline custom message array or by adding an entry in the validation language file. This message should be placed in the first level of the array.

"foo" => "Your input was invalid!",

"accepted" => "The :attribute must be accepted.",

With Rule objects, you can set a fallback error message by providing a message method that returns a string.

When creating a custom validation rule, you may sometimes need to define custom placeholder replacements for error messages. You may do so by making a call to the replacer method on the Validator facade. You may also do this within the boot method of your plugin.

public function boot()
{
    Validator::replacer('foo', function ($message, $attribute, $rule, $parameters) {
        // return a message as a string
    });
}

The callback receives 4 arguments: $message being the message returned by the validator, $attribute being the attribute which failed validation, $rule being the rule object and $parameters being the parameters defined with the validation rule. You may, for example, inject a column name into the message that was defined in the parameters:

public function boot()
{
    Validator::replacer('foo', function ($message, $attribute, $rule, $parameters) {
        return str_replace(':column', $parameters[0], $message);
    });
}

If you wish to support multiple languages with your error messages, you will need to listen for the translator.beforeResolve event in your plugin, as your plugin's boot method may be run before translation support is fully enabled.

public function boot()
{
    Event::listen('translator.beforeResolve', function ($key, $replaces, $locale) {
        if ($key === 'validation.uppercase') {
            return Lang::get('plugin.name::lang.validation.uppercase');
        }
    });
}

Registering a custom validator resolver

If you wish to provide a large number of custom rules to your application, you can also define a validator resolver. Note that only one resolver may be defined per Validation instance, so it is not recommended to define a resolver in plugins unless you are using your own Validation instance and not the global Validator facade.

To define a resolver, you may provide a Closure to the resolver method in the Validator facade.

Validator::resolver(function($translator, $data, $rules, $messages, $customAttributes) {
    return new CustomValidator($translator, $data, $rules, $messages, $customAttributes);
});

Each rule supported within a resolver is defined using a validateXXX method. For example, the foo validation rule would look for a method called validateFoo. The validate method should return a boolean on whether a given $value passes validation.

public function validateFoo($attribute, $value, $parameters)
{
    // return whether the value passes validation
}

As with the Validator replacer method, you may sometimes need to define custom placeholder replacements for error messages. You may do this in a resolver by defining a replaceXXX method.

protected function replaceFoo($message, $attribute, $rule, $parameters)
{
    return str_replace(':foo', $parameters[0], $message);
}

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